He served as the eighth Prime Minister of Canada from October 10, 1911, to July 10, 1920. He served as the eighth Prime Minister of Canada from October 10, 1911, to July 10, 1920. As prime minister, Borden’s major interest was Anglo-Canadian relations. Address: 131 Greenbank Rd, Ottawa,Ontario K2H 8R1: Type: Highschool Grades: 9-12 : School District: Ottawa-Carleton DSB : Phone Number: 613-829-5320 : Fax Number: 613-829-1287 : EQAO Scores. He dealt indecisively with his controversial minister of militia, Sam Hughes, whom he did not remove from office until late in 1916. Sir Robert Laird Borden was the Prime Minister of Canada from October 1911 until July 1920, when he resigned due to health concerns. Last Steps to Freedom by John Boyko pg.46, "Viola Desmond to appear on new Canadian banknote", Notable Kin - New England in Hollywood, Part Three: The Possible Rhode Island Ancestry of Marilyn Monroe, "Former Officers of the Champlain Society (1905–2012)", "CHA Presidents and Presidential Addresses", "The Right Honourable Sir Robert Laird Borden", Robert Borden – Parliament of Canada biography, Comments on the Senate's rejection of the Naval Aid Bill, Find A Grave - Burial location of Sir Robert Borden (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), Leaders of the Official Opposition in Canada, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Borden&oldid=996467297, Canadian Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Chancellors of Queen's University at Kingston, Converts to Anglicanism from Presbyterianism, Leaders of the Conservative Party of Canada (1867–1942), Members of the House of Commons of Canada from Nova Scotia, Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Canadian Secretaries of State for External Affairs, Persons of National Historic Significance (Canada), Canadian members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2015, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Borden was the last Canadian Prime Minister to be knighted (in 1915) since, in deference to the, Sir Robert Borden was honoured by having two, Sir Robert Borden was also honoured by having. WorldCat record id: 225144426. Borden talks with Beatty and Madden on the quarterdeck. About Robert Borden Sir Robert Laird Borden (June 26, 1854 – June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the eighth prime minister of Canada, in office from 1911 to 1920. Sir-Robert Laird-Borden is on Facebook. Find out how Sir Robert Borden High School - Ottawa, Ontario rank academically. Despite having no formal university education, he went to article for four years at a Halifax law firm. Borden's successor Arthur Meighen was defeated by the new Liberal leader William Lyon Mackenzie King in the 1921 election. BORDEN, Sir ROBERT LAIRD, lawyer and politician; b. Sir Robert Borden (26 June 1854 – 10 June 1937) was the eighth Prime Minister of Canada, serving from 1911-1920, best known today for his leadership during World War I. Sir Robert Borden was once the Prime Minister of Canada. Borden,…. Borden was leader of the Conservative Party of Canada during his tenure as Prime Minister. Omissions? In 1896 Borden was elected to the House of Commons as a Conservative member for Halifax. His policy of arresting the leaders of the Winnipeg General Strike (1919) and of charging them under a revised definition of sedition that was rushed through Parliament in the form of an amendment to the criminal code won him the enmity of labour. The 1917 election saw the "Government" candidates (including a number of Liberal-Unionists) crush the Opposition "Laurier Liberals" in English Canada resulting in a large parliamentary majority for Borden. He served as the eighth Prime Minister of Canada from October 10, 1911, to July 10, 1920, and was the third Nova Scotian to hold this office. Sir Robert Laird Borden, a unilingual Conservative lawyer born in Grand-Pre, Nova Scotia in 1854, became his party's leader in 1901, endured electoral setbacks in 1904 and 1908, and became prime minister following the Conservative victory of 1911. Borden led the Canadian government during the critical years of World War I (1914-1918), when Canada was coming to political and economic maturity. Borden was elected to the House of Commons of Canada in 1896, representing the Conservative Party. Sir William Thomas White , GCMG, PC (UK), PC (Can), was a Canadian politician and Cabinet minister. Borden’s advantage in politics was that he was practicing law under the mentorship of the senior Tupper, Sir Charles, who was the leader of the Conservative party for four years up to 1901. Arthur Currie provided sensible leadership for the Canadian divisions in Europe, although they were still under overall British command. -Sir Robert Borden, January 4, 1916. Sir Robert Borden pledged himself during the campaign to equal suffrage for women. WorldCat record id: 225144426 convulsion. Borden retired from politics in 1920, having accepted a knighthood in 1915 – the last Canadian prime minister to be knighted. His broad vision and sound judgment made him an effective leader in these difficult years. Borden was the last Prime Minister to be knighted after the House of Commons indicated its desire for the discontinuation of the granting of any future titles to Canadians in 1919 with the adoption of the Nickle Resolution. Easily compare school performance and see their EQAO scores. In 1896 Borden was elected to the House of Commons as a Conservative member for Halifax. The party leader, Sir Charles Tupper, was a doughty fighter but old and somewhat discredited in certain quarters, and after his defeat in the general election of 1900 there was a general feeling that his career was over. Over the next decade he worked to rebuild the party and establish a reform policy, the Halifax Platform of 1907 which he described as "the most advanced and progressive policy ever put forward in Federal affairs". Coauthor of Confederation: 1867 and others. At Borden's insistence, the treaty was ratified by the Canadian Parliament. Borden served as Vice-President of The Champlain Society between 1923 and 1925 and was the Society's first Honorary President between 1925 and 1938. 131 Greenbank Rd, Ottawa,Ontario K2H 8R1. Grade 9 Academic Math EQAO Scores; Percentage of Students … Levine, Allan. With Arthur Meighen, his successor as prime minister, to manage the House of Commons and with two Liberals, Newton Rowell and Alexander K. Maclean, in charge of key cabinet committees, Borden was free to concentrate on the larger questions under discussion in London and Paris. judged to be the largest legal practice in the Maritime Provinces, and had become a wealthy man. The war effort also enabled Canada to assert itself as an independent power. Borden talks with Beatty and Madden on the quarterdeck. 7.05. Borden also introduced the first Canadian income tax under Income War Tax Act of 1917, which was then meant to be temporary but later became permanent. Sir Robert Borden during the Great War Dr. Tim Cook “Sir Robert Borden may have been an outstanding figure in Canadian public life, being even a leader in Imperial councils during the war, but he seems to have lacked the arts which most appeal to the popular imagination,” wrote one journalist after Borden’s retirement in 1920. Borden became prime minister following the nasty 1911 federal election that split the nation between those who were for and those who were against free trade with the United States. Borden was a Liberal until he broke with the party in 1891 over the issue of Reciprocity. He supported Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, in which he was anxious to have Canadian troops participate. He is best known for his leadership of Canada during World War I. Borden was born in Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia. Borden wanted to create a single Canadian army, rather than have Canadian soldiers split up and assigned to British divisions as had happened during the Boer War. She served as president of the Local Council of Women of Halifax, until her resignation in 1901. Cook, Tim. Borden’s preoccupation with Anglo-Canadian relations may partly account for his first administration’s poor performance in domestic affairs. Updates? He was the Chancellor of Queen's University from 1924 to 1930, after having served as Chancellor of McGill University from 1918 to 1920 while still Prime Minister. Find the perfect robert borden stock photo. [9] In 1917 Borden recruited members of the Liberals (with the notable exception of leader Wilfrid Laurier) to create a Unionist government. Borden was a Liberal until he broke with the party in 1891 over the issue of Reciprocity. Commodore Brand and Admiral Beatty are among a group of officers which receives him. During the first two years of war Borden frequently referred to the necessity of Canadian participation in British decisions, but it was not until the British prime minister David Lloyd George created the Imperial War Cabinet (IWC) in 1917 that Borden was given a chance to express Canada’s point of view. In world affairs, Borden played a crucial role (according to McMillan) in transforming the British Empire into a partnership of equal states, the Commonwealth of Nations, a term that was first discussed at an Imperial Conference in London during the war. It called for reform of the Senate and the civil service, a more selective immigration policy, free rural mail delivery, and government regulation of telegraphs, telephones, and railways and eventually national ownership of telegraphs and telephones. The campaign was dominated by two issues: Laurier’s naval policy, which was stimulated by Britain’s defense needs in Europe, and a proposed reciprocal trade agreement with the United States. The wartime Prime Minister, Sir Robert Borden, spent years writing his memoirs, and expired before they were finally published in 1938, as edited by his nephew Henry: Robert Laird Borden: His Memoirs (London, Macmillan, 1938), in two volumes. But once in power, Borden saw the necessity of an independent position for Canada within the Empire. The Historical Journal 14.2 (1971): 371–395. Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden began his political career as a staunch Imperialist, and during his years as Leader of the Opposition he frequently criticized Sir Wilfrid Laurier's policies concerning Britain. His broad vision and sound judgment made him an effective leader in … 20th Century Portraits Catalogue Entry. Description: Medium close-up as Sir Robert Borden comes onboard HMS Queen Elizabeth from a motor launch - Royal Sovereign Class battleship moored in background. Sir Robert Laird Borden. Robert Borden was the prime minister who led Canada through the contentious years of World War I. Borden died on June 10, 1937, in Ottawa and is buried in the Beechwood Cemetery marked by a simple stone cross. But once in power, Borden saw the necessity of an independent position for Canada within the Empire. Born in Grand Pré, Nova Scotia, Robert Laird Borden (1854–1937) began his working life as a teacher, but transferred to law in 1874 and was head of a prestigious law firm by 1890. Despite his efforts, his party lost the 1908 federal election to Wilfrid Laurier's Liberals. The party goes below through the quarterdeck hatch. The party leader, Sir Charles Tupper, was a doughty fighter but old and somewhat discredited in certain quarters, and after his defeat in the general election of 1900 there was a general feeling that his career was over. An attorney by trade, he entered politics in 1896 and quickly rose to leader of the Conservative Party. In the Autumn of 1889, when he was only 35, Borden became the senior partner following the departure of Graham and Tupper for the bench and politics, respectively. BORDEN, Sir Robert Laird (1854-1937), Canadian statesman, was born in Grand Pré, N.S. 1886-1937. [3], Robert Borden was the last Canadian Prime Minister born before Confederation. 1886-1937. He worked as a schoolteacher for a period and then served his articles of clerkship at a Halifax law firm. ... Borden spent his ten years as Leader of the Opposition rebuilding the party. Medium close-up as Sir Robert Borden comes onboard HMS Queen Elizabeth from a motor launch - Royal Sovereign Class battleship moored in background. In 1893, Borden successfully argued the first of two cases which he took to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Borden became the leader of the Conservative Party in 1901, and was Prime Minister of Canada from 1911 to 1920. His financial future guaranteed, on September 25, 1889, he married Laura Bond (1863–1940), the daughter of a Halifax hardware merchant. Dundurn, c1993. Admitted to the bar of Nova Scotia in 1878, he rose to a commanding position in legal circles, and after his marriage to Laura Bond (1889) he founded a law firm that acquired one of the largest practices in the Maritime Provinces. "Robert Borden and the Election of 1911. Sir Robert Laird Borden, PC, GCMG, KC (June 26, 1854 – June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician. Borden's leadership ability was most thoroughly tested during the First World War. Robert wanted to rebuild the Conservative Party. [6][7] Borden was however elected again for Halifax. [13] He also served as President of the Canadian Historical Association in 1930–31.[14]. Granatstein, J. L. & Hillmer, Norman (1999). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Borden's determination to meet that huge commitment led to the Military Service Act and the Conscription Crisis of 1917, which split the country on linguistic lines. Sir Robert Borden (26 June 1854 – 10 June 1937) was the eighth Prime Minister of Canada, serving from 1911-1920, best known today for his leadership during World War I. 20th Century Portraits Catalogue Entry. Rate It! He began his political career in 1896, when he was elected to Parliament. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In 1882, he was asked by Wallace Graham to move to Halifax and join the Conservative law firm headed by Graham and Charles Hibbert Tupper. Borden countered with a revised version of John A. Macdonald's National Policy and appeals of loyalty to the British Empire and ran on the slogan "Canadianism or Continentalism". in June 1914—visited England and the western front in the summer of 1915 and re ceived, among other honors, the freedom of the city of London and the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor. He studied law in Halifax and became a leading attorney in Nova Scotia. His teaching career ended in 1874, when he became articled to a Halifax law firm. He was a member of the Liberal party until he broke with them in 1891 over the issue of Reciprocity. His mother Eunice Jane Laird was more driven, possessing "very strong character, remarkable energy, high ambition and unusual ability". Commodore Brand and Admiral Beatty are among a group of officers which receives him. In 1896, he became President of the Nova Scotia Barristers' Society, and took the initiative in organizing the founding meetings of the Canadian Bar Association in Montreal within the same year. However, volunteers had quickly dried up when Canadians realized there would be no quick end to the war. He began his political career in 1896, when he was elected to Parliament. (Borden saw nothing incompatible between insisting on the right to participate in shaping imperial policy and Canada’s independent membership in the League of Nations. [12], Sir Robert Borden retired from office in 1920. Sam Hughes, the Minister of Militia, generally ensured that Canadians were well-trained and prepared to fight in their own divisions, although with mixed results such as the Ross Rifle. He had none of Laurier's oratorical mastery or charisma. Sir Robert Borden is the first Colonial statesman who has attended a British Cabinet, a precedent which may be fruitful in immense Constitutional developments hereafter. His decision, however, to form a coalition government in order to implement conscription gave him the opportunity to reconstruct his cabinet and to surround himself with a group of able colleagues. Borden led the Canadian government during the critical years of World War I (1914-1918), when Canada was coming to political and economic maturity. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Sir Charles handpicked Borden as his successor—no grand leadership convention or national ballot in those days, just a vote of a parliamentary caucus powerfully influenced by the outgoing leader. He was knighted in 1914. In 1894, he bought a large property and home on the south side of Quinpool Road, which the couple called "Pinehurst". Sir Robert Borden, in full Sir Robert Laird Borden, (born June 26, 1854, Grand Pré, Nova Scotia [Canada]—died June 10, 1937, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), eighth prime minister of Canada (1911–20) and leader of the Conservative Party (1901–20), who played a decisive role—notably by insisting on separate Canadian membership in the League of Nations —in … February 26, ... he entered politics in 1896 and quickly rose to leader of the Conservative Party. First elected to the House in 1896, Borden was the leader of the Conservative party from February 1901 until 1917, when he formed a Union Government. [4], From 1868 to 1874, he worked as a teacher in Grand-Pré and Matawan, New Jersey. The first portrait of R.B. Sir Robert Borden. [6] In British Columbia, the party ran on the slogan "A White Canada", playing to the fears of British Columbians that resented the increasing presence of cheap Asian labour and the resulting depression in wages. Corrections? His naval policy before World War I—which involved a grant of $35 million to Britain for the construction of three battleships—was a mixture of opportunism and wishful thinking about the extension of Canada’s influence in the councils of empire. Coauthor of. First elected to the House in 1896, Borden was the leader of the Conservative party from February 1901 until 1917, when he formed a Union Government. Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden began his political career as a staunch Imperialist, and during his years as leader of the opposition he frequently criticized Sir Wilfrid Laurier's policies concerning Britain. Brown, Robert Craig, & Cook, Ramsay (1974). The success of the Unionist forces in the election of 1917 ensured a continuation of Borden’s policies of total commitment to the war effort and an international role for Canada—but at the price of antagonizing the French-Canadian population, who were unrepresented in the government and opposed to its policies. Sir Robert Borden (1854-1937), eighth prime minister of Canada (1911-1920). https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/sir-robert-borden British Prime Minister David Lloyd George eventually relented, and convinced the reluctant Americans to accept the presence of separate Canadian, Indian, Australian, Newfoundland, New Zealand and South African delegations. After retiring from public life, he served as the chancellor of Queen's University. Sir Robert Borden was Plenipotentiary of Canada at the Peace Conference. Borden was a Liberal until he broke with the party in 1891 over the issue of Reciprocity. Nevertheless, Canadian troops proved themselves to be among the best in the world, fighting at the Somme, Ypres, Passchendaele, and especially at the Battle of Vimy Ridge. For the American TV writer and producer, see. From the description of Robert Laird Borden papers. He seemed to envisage the empire-commonwealth as an alliance in which smaller members might have to defer to the interests of the great power, but only after a process of continuous consultation.). The election resulted in Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden's Unionist government elected with a strong majority and the largest percentage of the popular vote for any party in Canadian history. No need to register, buy now! Sir Robert Laird Borden was a Canadian political leader and prime minister between 1911-1920. His friendship with Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper, son of one of the original “Fathers of Confederation,” led him to accept the conservative nomination for Halifax in 1896. [2], Borden's father Andrew Borden was judged by his son to be "a man of good ability and excellent judgement", of a "calm, contemplative and philosophical" turn of mind, but "he lacked energy and had no great aptitude for affairs". Conservative Party in opposition. 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